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South Sudan govt., opposition sign final peace deal

07 August 2018

South Sudan's conflict, which has seen tens of thousands killed, and millions displaced, began after President Kiir accused his then-vice president Machar of plotting a coup against him in 2013, just two years after it was declared independent.

South Sudan's almost five-year conflict began after Kiir accused his then-vice president Machar of plotting a coup against him in 2013.

Kiir and Machar's factions have already agreed on a permanent ceasefire and withdrawing of their forces from civilian areas, in talks mediated by Khartoum in series of dialogues hosted by Bashir.

Machar said, "there is no option but peace. we have to focus after this stage on implementing the agreement that if we don't implement, we will all be failures".

The president of South Sudan and head of the country's main rebel group signed a final cease fire and power-sharing agreement on Sunday and hailed a new longed-for era of peace in the country.

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Washington has been sceptical about the success of the latest peace initiative, given the enmity between Kiir and Machar.

In order to accommodate the demands of various factions, the new government would also be made up of 550 lawmakers and 35 ministers.

"Last month the White House warned that "a narrow agreement between elites" would not solve the problems plaguing South Sudan".

"My government and I know the conflict in South Sudan has resulted in a financial and political burden", Kiir said.

Kiir warned that the bloated size of the government would pose a challenge.

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But on Sunday the top USA envoy to Khartoum said the United States still backed the process.

President Kenyatta commended the Republic of Sudan for the progress made and reaffirmed Kenya's commitment to the restoration of peace, security and stability in South Sudan.

A similar arrangement fell apart in July 2016 when fighting erupted in the capital, Juba, and Machar fled the country.

The day before, the President, after meeting with the Sudanese Foreign Minister, told the press that he is committed to the agreement to share power and promised that it will not collapse like the previous ones.

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South Sudan govt., opposition sign final peace deal