Tehran says this violates the 2015 nuclear deal, which US President Donald Trump has called "the worst ever" and threatened to tear up.
The US legislation would impose mandatory penalties on people involved in Iran's ballistic missile program and anyone who does business with them.
The parliament's majority voted for the bill, which was a response to the USA new sanctions against the Islamic Republic.
The legislation would divide 20 trillion rials, or $609 million, between the missile program and the Quds Force, a special forces unit of the nation's Revolutionary Guards.
JP: Rain chances remain high with slightly drier weekend ahead
It's still a few days out but by Thursday of next week temps look to return to normal under mostly sunny skies. The next timing of showers is a bit unclear, as it's far in the future so many models are in disagreement.
In a session on Sunday, a total of 240 politicians out of 244 present voted to allocate $520m to develop the country's missile programme and boost foreign operations of the paramilitary troops, with only one abstention.
Araqchi said the government of President Hassan Rohani would support the bill which must now pass a second vote before being submitted to a clerical body for final approval and passage into law.
It considers the entirety of the United States military forces and intelligence operatives in the region to be supporters of regional terrorist groups, and subject to punitive measures.
The agreement saw crippling economic sanctions on Iran lifted in return for the country restricting its sensitive nuclear activities.
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Conor McGregor plans to continue fighting in both mixed martial arts and boxing once he's finished with Floyd Mayweather . Thoughts on the footage of McGregor and Malignaggi? "I'm going to bring him in as a thank you for the support".
The parliament has approved 16 measures that Tehran will take to counteract Washington's hostile acts against the Islamic Republic, Larijani said, according to Tasnim.
But last month he backed away from his pledge to withdraw from the agreement.
To counter USA economic sanctions, the government has been ordered to provide a comprehensive plan on expanding economic cooperation with world countries, especially Iran's neighbors and friends as well as the countries which have likewise been subject to Washington's embargoes.
Scores killed, injured in Alexandria train collision
In a previous statement the ministry said that 20 people were killed and another 88 injured in the incident. He says he then came out of the train and found four train cars crushed and a lot of people on the ground.
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